Fairbanks and Northern Alaska: A Guide for Travelers

From summertime festivals in the city to Denali National Park and the Northern Lights, these are the reasons why you need to put Fairbanks on your travel bucket list.

Fairbanks is a place of extremes, with temperatures plunging in the dark winter to pleasant summer days, when it seems like the sun will never set. There’s an average of 155 clear days per year, more than most Alaska communities (although fewer than Nome), and if you’re there for even just one of them it’s hard to spend it inside. So pack your bags with a good jacket and a pair of boots and follow our guide for the best times to visit and things to do in Fairbanks:

Winter in Fairbanks

In the winter, the average high ranges from 3 to 12 degrees Fahrenheit. On the winter solstice, there is less than four hours of daylight.

Fairbanks life slows down in the winter, but the Northern Lights become active. February and March typically have the fewest cloudy days—and the best opportunity for catching the Aurora. Hot springs and ski trails throughout the Interior also beckon adventurers all winter.

Summer in Fairbanks

Come summer, temperatures spike, days seem unending, and the city comes alive.

For a couple of months each year, Fairbanks becomes one of the warmest places in Alaska, and residents and visitors try to soak up every ray of sun.

In June, July and August, the average high jumps to the 60s and 70s, with temperatures sometimes reaching the 90s. Daylight lasts for more than 21 hours on summer solstice.

I tried to cram everything fun into one summer spent in Fairbanks—after living there for four winters while attending University of Alaska Fairbanks—and despite the long days, it is an impossible task but well worth the effort.

Just around the solstice, there’s the traditional Alaska Baseball League game that takes advantage of the Midnight Sun and starts at 10:30 pm, a fun run at 10 pm, and a festival downtown at all hours of the day.

Fairbanks Golden Days Festival

The rest of the summer is equally busy. The Fairbanks Summer Arts Festival brings performers of all sorts to town and there are endless outdoor opportunities near town, from hiking in the White Mountains to boating on area rivers and lakes.

Geography of Fairbanks

There’s also the rest of the Interior to explore.

Beyond daylight and weather, Fairbanks is defined by its geography. There are mountains in almost every direction, making Fairbanks relatively dry year round, and fire-prone in the summer, plus the city is located on the Chena River.

Situated in the middle of the state—and as the center of Interior Alaska—Fairbanks is called the Golden Heart City.

Fairbanks has long been a transportation hub, although its location was something of an accident.

The History of Fairbanks

E. T. Barnette, a crook from outside who came north during the Klondike Gold Rush, was headed for Tananacross in 1901 to open a trading post there, when the ship he was traveling on ran aground before reaching its destination. He opened his trading post “Barnette’s Cache” in what became downtown Fairbanks instead, and in 1903 residents voted to incorporate it as a city.

The city’s growth was less accidental. It was close to a variety of resources—originally the gold fields and rich soil and sunlight for agricultural production, later the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System was routed nearby and today there are coal and gold mines, and other resource prospects, in the area.

Alaska’s first airplane was shipped to Fairbanks in 1913, and city was considered a strategic location for commercial, military and passenger flights throughout the state, and beyond, particularly before statehood.

Things to Do Around Fairbanks

Fairbanks is also at the center of an extensive road system, with connections in nearly every direction.

My favorites are Denali National Park, 120 miles southwest of town, and the agricultural community of Delta Junction 95 miles southwest of town with the Alaska Range and Granite Mountains towering on either side.

Denali National Park and Preserve

A longer road trip—500 miles—can take you out the Elliot Highway to the Dalton Highway, which goes north to the Yukon River, Brooks Range and Prudhoe Bay. The Steese Highway travels east to Circle, another Yukon River community.

Closer to town, Fox has the farthest north brewery in America, Silver Gulch Brewing & Bottling Co., and the Chena River runs 99 miles from east of Fairbanks to its confluence with the Tanana on the west edge of town.

At the far end are popular hot springs, most famously at the Chena Hot Springs Resort owned by Alaska alternative energy advocate Bernie Karl that largely runs on geothermal power—including the greenhouses that grow vegetables.

The in-town stretch is perfect for running and biking alongside year round—or a lazy evening float trip in the summer, with stops to eat or drink at waterfront establishments.

West of town, the river moves more quickly, requiring some actual paddling around hazards, with a couple of stretches that provide a day of fun.

Chena River

Arts & Culture in Fairbanks

As an alum, I might be a little biased—but the University of Alaska Fairbanks is home to many of Fairbanks’ most fascinating places.

Established in 1922, UAF is the state university system’s oldest school, and is perched on a hill above town. It houses a variety of recreational opportunities, including cross country ski trails and ice climbing in the winter, and a disc golf course in the summer.

On a clear day, a stroll along Yukon Drive on upper campus offers the best views of Mt. McKinley, which Alaskans prefer to call Denali, and the Alaska Range. A walk around the campus also offers a lesson in Alaska history. The state’s constitution was signed at UAF in 1956 and several buildings are named for important figures in the state’s history—including the Eielson Building, named for Carl Eielson, the “Arctic Lindbergh” who played a significant role in Alaska’s aviation history, and the Gruening Building, named for Ernest Gruening (pronounced Greening), a territorial governor who helped with the push for statehood.

One of the newest buildings is a science facility named for Margaret Murie, a naturalist who helped create the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

Off-campus, the Morris Thompson Cultural and Visitors Center presents rotating art exhibits and a look at the history of the area, particularly the indigenous Athabascan people.

For all the history and culture in Fairbanks, it’s easiest to understand what drew the early settlers north, or why anyone stayed, when you go outside. My favorite parts of Fairbanks life (collegiate shenanigans aside) were skiing under the Aurora in the White Mountains, paddling the Chena River, and watching moose or migratory birds at Creamer’s Field, depending on the season.

For me, Robert Service summed it up best, in "The Spell of the Yukon":

"Yet it isn’t the gold that I’m wanting / So much as just finding the gold. / It’s the great, big, broad land ‘way up yonder, / It’s the forests where silence has lease; / It’s the beauty that thrills me with wonder, / It’s the stillness that fills me with peace."

Watch: A Video Guide to Fairbanks